Archeobotanist Phil Dering processed the samples and identified the small charred fragments by making microscopic comparisons with modern samples at Texas A&M University.
The site was excavated in 1987-1988 by an archeological team from the Texas Department of Transportation led by Glenn T.Soil matrix samples collected from between the rocks yielded charred plants including acorns, sotol leaf bases, grass seeds, and several kinds of firewood. The absence of any European trade goods such as glass beads or metal tools, suggests that the site was probably occupied in latest prehistoric times. Take a close look at this battered Martindale dart point from the Honey Creek site (click to enlarge).Radiocarbon dates suggest these features represent a very late event that occurred as late as the first decades after Europeans had entered the region (calibrated midpoints, A. The white speckled area near the center is patinated, meaning that this surface has weathered and aged.What caused native peoples to amass all these fire-cracked rocks in one place? They baked plants with heated limestone rocks in layered cooking arrangements known as earth ovens.
You can read more about earth ovens elsewhere in this website, but consider a few telling numbers from the midden at the Honey Creek site.Now turn to the "Prehistoric Recycling" section of the text and read an interpretation based on these details. Selected artifacts from Cluster 6, a hodge-podge mix of arrow points, a few dart points, and other stone tools, several of which show evidence of recycling.